Gardens of China
Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: Gardens by Patricia Buckley Ebrey (University of Washington).
- Chinese Gardens and Collectors' Rocks, by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. A brief overview of the history of gardens in China illustrated with artworks in the Met collection.
- Gardens in China. The China subsection of the Garden and Landscape Guide at gardenvisit.com. Provides brief intros to some four dozen gardens in China and links them to Google satelite maps.
- Asian Historical Architecture. Includes recent photographs of gardens in China and elsewhere in Asia.
- Chinese Architecture Links by Ronald Knapp (SUNY New Paltz)
- china.org.cn. Contains numerous recent Chinese newspaper articles in English related to gardens in China. Type "gardens" or a more specific term in their search field.
- Artful Retreat: Garden Culture of the Qing Dynasty. Includes audio recordings of most of the papers given in this symposium at Harvard University in November 2010.
- Gardens of China. A blog by Josepha Richard about gardens in China, Chinese gardens outside China, Chinese architecture and heritage.
- The Museum of Chinese Gardens and Landscape Architecture, Beijing. Museum opened in May 2013.
Old Depictions of Gardens
- Wangchuan Villa, Rubbing after Wang Wei (701-761). Interactive viewing of a rubbing from the 1617 stone engraving, as well as other Chinese handscrolls. Digital Scrolling Paintings Project (Center for the Art of East Asia, The University of Chicago).
- Wang Tingna and the Illustrations of the Gardens of the Hall Encircled by Jade. Interactive viewing of a handscroll of a 16th-century Chinese garden. Dumbarton Oaks, Garden and Landscape Studies.
- Ernst Boerschmann, Baukunst und Landschaft in China, vol. 1. Boerschmann, a German architect, took this collection of photographs documenting architecture and scenery between 1906 and 1909. The book was published in 1926 in Berlin. Accessible through the Digital Archive of Toyo Bunko Rare Books.
- Suzhou Gardens and Architecture. On the website Asian Historical Architecture.
- Classical Gardens of Suzhou. Wikipedia.
- Suzhou Municipal Administrative Bureau of Gardens.
- Suzhou Gardens, by the China Internet Information Center. Good, but unlabeled photographs by Chen Jianxing.
- Ge Yuan, Yangzhou
- Yuyuan, Shanghai. On the website Asian Historical Architecture.
- Public Parks and Formal Gardens in Beijing. Part of Beijing: A guide to China's Capital City.
- Prince Gong's Mansion (Gong wang fu). Wikipedia.
- Grand View Garden (Daguan Yuan). Built as a set for the 1987 CCTV series A Dream of Red Mansions (Honglou meng), and now a public park. Episode 1, etc.
- Imperial Gardens:
- Imperial Garden (Yu Yuan) in the Forbidden City, ChinaReport.com.
- Ningshougong Gardens. Exhibition website, Peabody Essex Museum, including some video.
- Garden of Established Happiness (Jianfu Yuan). Geremie Barme's review of the restoration report by May Goldsworth.
- Beihai Park, Wikipedia.
- Summer Palace (Yihe Yuan), Wikipedia.
- Jingshan Park, Wikipedia.
- Zhongshan Park, Wikipedia.
- Special Issue on Yuanming Yuan, China Heritage Quarterly 8 (2006).
- A Particular Account of the Emperor of China's Gardens near Pekin. Jean-Denis Attiret's description of the Yuanming Yuan of 1743.
- The Sack of the Summer Palace. The famous open letter of 1861 by Victor Hugo in English translation.
- Yuanming Yuan, le jardin du palais d'été. Detailed overview of the Yuanming Yuan based on a full publication of the 40-page album in the Bibliotheque Nationale de France. The album was commissioned in 1738 by the Qianlong emperor and painted by the court painters Tangdai and Shen Yuan. This site also includes various accounts of the gardens, including remarks by the Yongzheng and Qianlong emperors.
The site is part of the website of the 2004 exhibition "Chine: l'Empire du trait." To access it, follow the link and click on the image at the bottom right.
- Twenty Views of the European Palaces in the Garden of Perfect Brightness. Detailed reproduction of a set of the twenty engravings commissioned by the Qianlong emperor in 1783. This copy of the prints is kept at the University of Manchester Library, U.K. For some comments on the history of the Manchester book, see the note by Zheng Yangwen, "An Unexplained Image from the Garden of Perfect Brightness," China Heritage Quarterly 29 (March 2012).
- Beijing Exhibits the Earliest Yuanmingyuan Photos. Images of the European Garden at Yuanming Yuan taken in 1873 by the German customs official and photographer Ernst Ohlmer (1847-1927). CRI
- Yuanmingyuan: 150 Years After the Fire. Very detailed, seven-part CCTV documentary in the "Journeys in Time" series (2011). Covers the history of Yuanming Yuan until the end of the Qing dynasty. Also available on Youtube 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
Plants, Horticulture, and Botany
- Magical Miniature Landscapes: A Comprehensive History of Bonsai and the Related Arts, by Robert J. Baran.
- peonygarden.com: The Peony Superstore, for a vast selection of modern peony varieties.
- Multilingual Plant Name Database, by Michel H. Porcher and friends in cooperation with the University of Melbourne.
Gardens of Japan
- The Japanese Garden by Clifton Olds (Bowdoin College)
- Japanese Garden. Wikipedia
- Real Japanese Gardens, by garden designers Keizo Hayano, Jenny Feuerpeil, and
- JGarden - The Japanese Garden Database
by Robert Cheetham
- Rock Gardens, Dry Landscapes, Hill Gardens, Karesansui, Kasan, Tsukiyama, Others. A subsection of the website Buddhism and Shintoism in Japan: A to Z Photo Dictionary of Japenese Sculpture and Art, by Marc Schumacher.
- Japanese Garden Dictionary: A Glossary for Japanese Gardens and Their History, by Ono Kenkichi and Walter Edwards. Based on their Bilingual Dictionary of Japanese Garden Terms (Nara: Kansai Process, 2001).
- Katsura Palace. Introductory walking tour by Daniel Baum, 1998.
- Mirei Shigemori Residence
- Photographs of Japanese Gardens by William Corey
Gardens of Korea
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Last update September 10, 2017
Suggestions and comments are welcome
Louis, Bard Graduate Center