## Asymptotics of the Wigner 9j-symbol

H. M. Haggard and R. G. Littlejohn

*Classical and Quantum Gravity* **27** (135010), 2010.

We present the asymptotic formula for the Wigner 9*j*-symbol, valid when all quantum numbers are large, in the classically allowed region. As in the Ponzano-Regge formula for the 6*j*-symbol, the action is expressed in terms of lengths of edges and dihedral angles of a geometrical figure, but the angles require care in definition. Rules are presented for converting spin networks into the associated geometrical figures. The amplitude is expressed as the determinant of a 2x2 matrix of Poisson brackets. The 9*j*-symbol possesses caustics associated with the fold and elliptic and hyperbolic umbilic catastrophes. The asymptotic formula obeys the exact symmetries of the 9*j*-symbol.

DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/27/13/135010

Full text: HaggardLittlejohnCQG9jSymbol.pdf